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Rosmarinus sp. Rosemary
 
Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden

Rosmarinus Photo by Joanne Taylor.

Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Rosmarinus at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor
 

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Fragrances from Mediterranean shores and its islands were described in ancient tales of sailors. When they couldn't see the land under foggy conditions, they could smell it. The name for this unique habitat of vegetation is the Maquis. Filled with rosemary and thyme, marjoram and sages, rockroses and mints and all the other pungent evergreen herbs that thrive in the rocky soils and sun-filled spaces of Crete, Corsica, Greece, Sicily and Italy and all the islands in between, the summer seems to last forever. We've recreated this world in the newly renovated Mediterranean Garden on the south side of Heidelberg Hill, with rosemary as one of the key aromatic plantings.

Rosmarinus translates from Latin into "dew of the sea". The plants are woody perennials that like well-drained soil, sparse watering and full sun; the best soil being a combination of sand mixed with gravel. Short linear grey-green leaves are packed along each stem with pale blue flowers in the axils. Flowers and leaves exude a fragrance that attracts bees to the nectar hidden under the anthers which are tipped with blue pollen. Rosemary is beloved by gardeners for its evergreen leaves in winter, its sweet-smelling presence and its longevity.

There are countless myths and legends about the efficacy of rosemary through the ages. Greek scholars wore garlands of it to help with memory; brides carried a sprig in their bouquet for happiness; to Shakespeare, it symbolized remembrance. It is thought to contain certain medicinal properties for boosting the immune system, but to date nothing has been proven. Come visit over 13 cultivars of rosemary, including 'Tuscan Blue' and 'Foxtail', that can be found in the Garden of Fragrance and the Mediterranean Garden.

Profile
Scientific Name Rosmarinus sp.
Common Name Rosemary
Family Lamiaceae
Plant Type Shrub
Environment Full sun, well-drained soil and sparse watering once established, can also tolerate salt spray and wind
Bloom Pale to dark blue flowers appear almost year-round
Uses Border and ornamental plants, great for cascading down walls and grow well in containers
More info The family Lamiaceae is known for having fragant, opposite leaves, and square stems (in most genera)

Not all rosemary are used for seasoning food; those with strong pine or turpentine fragrances should be avoided when cooking

IN BLOOM CONTRIBUTORS:
Text by Kathy McNeil. Photos by Joanne Taylor. Profile by David Kruse-Pickler.

Plant Sales at San Francisco Botanical Garden
Location

Rosmarinus is located in the Mediterranean Garden (Bed 28) and the Garden of Fragrance (Bed 11).

Visiting Info >>
Map (Bed Numbers) >>

 
 
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Magnolia dawsoniana

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Magnolia campbellii 'Strybing White'

February

Magnolia laevifolia'Strybing Compact'

Magnolia laevifolia 'Strybing Compact'

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Aristolochia californica

Aristolochia californica

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Chlorogalum pomeridianum

Chlorogalum pomeridianum

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Arbutus menziesii

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Romneya coulteri

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Cistus sp.

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Rosmarinus sp.

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Magnolia campbellii

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Magnolia denudata

Magnolia denudata

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Magnolia x veitchii

Magnolia x veitchii

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Iris douglasiana

Iris douglasiana

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Aesculus californica

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Vaccinium ovatum

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Sambucus racemosa

Sambucus racemosa

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Sequoia sempervirens

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Asarum caudatum

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Deppea splendens

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Montanoa spp.

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Bidens sp.

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Acer palmatum 'Sango kaku'

Acer palmatum 'Sango kaku'

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Magnolia campbellii 'Darjeeling'

Magnolia campbellii 'Darjeeling'

February

Bomaria spp.

Bomarea spp.

March

Rhododendron occidentale

Rhododendron occidentale

April

Polystichum munitum

Polystichum munitum

May

x Chiranthofremontia lenzii

x Chiranthofremontia lenzii

June

Salvia leucantha

Salvia leucantha

July

Hydrangea seemannii

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Wollemia nobilis

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September

Cyathea cooperi

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Pinus radiata

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Correa spp.

Correa spp.

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Garrya elliptica

Garrya elliptica

January

Magnolia x soulangeana

Magnolia x soulangeana

February

Senecio glastifolius

Senecio glastifolius

March

Ribes spp.

Ribes spp.

April

Oxalis oregana

Oxalis oregana

May

Calandrinia grandiflora

Calandrinia grandiflora

June

Taxus baccata

Taxus baccata

July

Romneya coulteri

Romneya coulteri

August

Passiflora parritae

Passiflora parritae

September

Malvaviscus arboreus

Malvaviscus arboreus

October

Monterey Cypress

Monterey Cypress

November

Aloe arborescens

Aloe arborescens

December

Aloe plicatilis

Aloe plicatilis

January

Banksia seminuda

Banksia seminuda

February

Zantedeschia elliottiana

Zantedeschia aethiopica

March

Magnolia laevifolia

Magnolia laevifolia

April

Araucaria heterophylla

Araucaria heterophylla

May

Toxicodendron diversilobum

Toxicodendron diversilobum

June

Clarkia sp.

Clarkia sp.

July

Agapanthus

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August

Brugmansia

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September

Cedrus spp.

Cedrus spp.

October

Protea repens

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November

Camellia sinensis

Camellia sinensis

December

Thujopsis dolabrata

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January

Gordonia longicarpa

Gordonia longicarpa

February

Rojasianthe superba

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March

Echium spp.

Echium spp.

April

Iris douglasiana

Iris douglasiana

May

Digitalis purpurea

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June

Felicia amelloides

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July

Ceroxylon quindiuense

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August

Amaryllis belladonna

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September

Ginkgo biloba

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October

Acer morrisonense

Acer morrisonense

November

Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium

December

Picea sitchensis

Picea sitchensis

January

Telanthophora grandifolia

Telanthophora grandifolia

February

Aeonium arboreum 'Schwartzkopf'

Aeonium arboreum 'Schwartzkopf'

March

Leptospermum Spp.

Leptospermum

April

Salvia gesneraeflora

Salvia gesneraeflora

May

Lavandula spp.

Lavandula spp.

June

Pelargonium

Pelargonium

July

Fuchsia paniculata

Fuchsia paniculata

August

Luma apiculata

Luma apiculata

September

Luculia

Luculia

October

Arbutus unedo

Arbutus unedo

November

Cycads

Cycad

December

Restionaceae

Restionaceae

January

Hellebores

Hellebores

February

Ceanothus

Ceanothus

March

Rhododendron

Rhododendron

April

Psoralea pinnata

Psoralea pinnata

May

Fremontodendron californicum

Fremontodendron californicum

June

Leucadendron argenteum

Leucadendron argenteum

July

Crocosmia

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August

Gunnera tinctoria

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September

Pellaea rotundifolia

Pellaea rotundifolia

October

Fuchsia boliviana

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November

Erica canaliculata

Erica canaliculata

December

Magnolia campbelli

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January

Magnolia denudata

Magnolia denudata

February

Camellia

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March

Geranium maderense

Geranium maderense

April

Acmena smithii

Acmena smithii

May

Eschscholzia californica

Eschscholzia californica

June

Dendromecon harfordii

Dendromecon harfordii

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Romneya coulteri

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Eupatorium purpureum

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Grevillea spp.

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